Packaging the final extractor

The final step is to ship our extractor. Some times we can depend on a Python installation the environment we will run our extractor in, in other cases out extractor needs to be fully self-contained. How we ship our extractor will differ slightly between those scenarios.

When developing the extractor, running it is fairly easy:

potery run <extractor_name>

Sometimes we could just send our project to the production environment like this, for example by cloning the git repo (which would also make updating to future versions very easy). However, when shipping the extractor to a production environment, sending the entire development environment is not always an option. We may therefore need a way to pacakge our extractor.

Python is available at production environment

If we have a working and compatable version of Python available at our production environment, we can ship our extractor as a Python wheel file. Wheels are the standard way of shipping Python packages.

To make a wheel of our extractor, run

poetry build

from the directory of the extractor project. In the newly created dist folder, you will find a .whl file similar to csv_extractor-1.0.0-py3-none-any.whl. This is the file you would send to your production environment. There, you run

pip install csv_extractor-1.0.0-py3-none-any.whl

Our extractor is then runnable from the shell directly:

csv_extractor <config-file>

Replace csv_extractor with the name of your specific extractor, and <config-file> with the (absolute or relative) path to a config file.

Python is not available at production environment

If Python is not available, we have to make a completely self-contained executable of the extractor. We can use PyInstaller for this, however cogex contains functionality that wraps around PyInstaller with suitable defaults and configuration to ease the process further. To build a self-contained executable of the extractor, run

cogex build

from the directory of the extractor project. In the newly created dist folder, you will find an executable for your system. Note that PyInstaller only builds executables for the OS you are building from. So if you want a Windows executable you have to run cogex build from Windows, likewise for Linux or Mac OS.

The resulting executable will contain your extractor, all dependencies 1 and the Python runtime.

1

Note that this could be in violation of some licenses, particularly GPL or it’s derivatives. Make sure that the licenses of your dependencies allows this type of linking.